Generates electricity from solar energy. Performance depending on day/night time and weather conditions.
Generates electricity from wind power. Performance depends on weather conditions and ranges from 1.5 to 8 MW per wind generator
Generates electricity from the steam that turns a turbine. Steam is produced from heating water with fossil energy, e.g. coal.
Generates electricity from a rotating turbine that is driven by water flows. Are often used to balance load peaks when there is a high energy demand.
Transforms renewable power from medium voltage to transmission voltage.
Regional distribution of electrical energy
Big industrial consumers (e.g. Aluminium smelters, cement companies). Needs high voltage power supply
Shore-side electricity allows ships to be powered without using their diesel engine when docked. CO2 and noxious gas emissions are prevented.
Specific and separate electricity grid with individual AC frequency or DC supply to provide power to trains
Need for particularly reliable power supply, often double secured with diesel standby emergency generators.
Concentrates multiple electricity consumers on a limited space. Distributed energy resources are developing in cities with solar panels on buildings.
Distributed energy such as solar panels on roofs and windmills are providing rural prosumers with clean power.
Energy produced by renewables can be stored using different methods (batteries, compressed air, water) and used when the grid needs it.
Transforms power from a transmission voltage to a distribution voltage.
A substation which includes switchgear and usually bussbars, but no power transformers.
Transforms power from medium voltage to low voltage.
Transforms power from medium voltage to transmission voltage.
Upper level of electricity provision. Transports electrical energy over long distances, both nationally and cross-border.
Transforms medium voltage to transmission voltage (AC to DC) power.
Electric mobility needs a reliable power charging infrastructure connected to the distribution network.